Born: 25 June 1852 Died: 10 June 1926
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, a Spanish Catalan architect, is best known for his highly profound and distinctive design styles. For all the intricate and beautiful creations that he created throughout his life were inspired from four of life passions: architecture, nature, religion as well as love for Catalonia. He is often remembered with his nickname “God’s Architect”. With his creativity and skills he integrated ceramics, stained glass, wrought ironwork, forging, and carpentry in his architectural designs to make them lucrative. He is the pioneering figure behind introducing new techniques in the treatment of materials like trencadís, which is made of waste ceramic pieces.
His works have always been internationally acclaimed and a number of renowned architects have dedicated their time comprehending his complicated architectural designs. His masterpiece, Sagrada Família, which is still incomplete, is one of the most visited monuments in Spain.
Cooperativa Obrera Mataronense (1878–1882)
The Cooperativa Obrera Mataronense was his first ever big project, a cooperative’s head office in Mataró with a factory, a worker’s housing estate, a social centre as well as a services building, from 1878 to 1882. He was the first person to use the catenary arch and ceramic tile adornment in the services building.
Sagrada Família (1882)
Sagrada Família is a large Roman Catholic church situated in Barcelona,Spain. He dedicated his last years to the project and finished it before his death in 1926. He implied his architectural and engineering style by blending Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms. Today it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
An art Critic Rainer Zerbst describe Sagrada Familia: “it is probably impossible to find a church building anything like it in the entire history of art”
Casa Vicens (1883–1888)
Casa Vicens is a family residence in Barcelona, in Spain established for industrialist Manuel Vicens in the period of 1883-1889. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The proprietor Manuel Vicens was the owner of a brick and tile factory. The yellow colored tiles used in the building were designed by Gaudí, and were manufactured by Vicens. This work shows the Moorish influences on modern architecture. The house is constructed of coarse red bricks, raw and stripped stone, and colored ceramic tiles with checkerboard and floral patterns.
Episcopal Palace of Astorga (1883–1913)
The Episcopal Palace is a Modernisme edifice in Astorga, Spain, established between 1889 and 1913. The façade has four cylindrical towers and is encircled by a trench.
El Capricho (1883-1885)
El Capricho, constructed between the year of 1883 and 1885 in Comillas, was commissioned by Máximo Díaz de Quijano.
Güell Pavilions (1884–1887)
Güell Pavilions was constructed between the year of 1884 and 1887 and located in the capital of Catalonia, Barcelona.
Casa Batlló (1905–1907)
Casa Batlló is a building was constructed in 1877, which was re-designed in the years 1904–1906 by Gaudí. To complete this building some more renowned architects Domènec Sugrañes i Gras, Josep Canaletay Joan Rubió assisted him. The building is situated at 43, Passeig de Gràcia in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Spain.
Casa Milà (1905–1907)
Casa Milà, which is also known as La Pedrera, was established during 1905 and 1910 but officially it was finished in 1912. The building is situated in Barcelona, Catalonia, in Spain. Architecturally this building is known to be the most creative work for several distinct designs including its steel structure and curtain walls and the self-supporting façade. Other innovative elements were the construction of underground car parking and separate lifts and stairs for the owners and their servants. In 1984, UNESCO declared it to be the World Heritage.
palau güell (1900-1914)
The Palau Güell is a mansion in Barcelona, Catalonia, in Spain created for the Catalan industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell in the years 1900 to 1914. The mansion is centered on a main room to amuse elite guests. Its mosaic designed seats shines brightly in the sun. Today this masterpiece of Gaudí belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage.
Info Source: Wikipedia
Written by: Mousumi Kumar Saha